3．对to属性的判断。即, 是to do, 还是to doing?
_______ some of this juice --- perhaps youll like it.
A. Trying B. Try C. To try D. Have tried
I would like very much come but I have an examination on Monday morning.
The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, _______ it more difficult..
A. not make B. not to make C. not D. do not make
正确答案：B 题干部分已有to make life easier作表语，所以选B，表示对比。
1．后面接to do, 不接doing的动词很多，常见的有agree, appear, ask, decide, demand, expect,
happen, hope, learn, manage, offer, prepare, pretend, promise, wish, should like/love,
would like/love, etc..
例如：I would like to have a talk with you.
2．want, need, require等动词与to do或doing连用的问题，已在上一讲中谈到，不在赘述；
3．需要接带to的不定式作宾补的动词主要有advise, allow, ask, beg, expect, get, like, order,
permit, tell, want, warn, wish, should like/love, would like/love, etc..
例如：I would like you to go with me.
observe, watch, look at, have, let, make, hear, listen to, feel
例如：I felt someone enter and then leave the room.
例如：He is made to do a lot of exercises by his parents every day.
例如：Why not go and ask the teacher for some advice?
Why dont you go and ask the teacher for some advice?
7．在had better/best, would rather/sooner, would rather/sooner ... than, cannot
(help/choose) but, do nothing but, have nothing to do but等结构后面必须接动词原形，不能加to;
例如：Yesterday evening, I did nothing/had nothing to do but watch TV.
比较：I had no choice but to wait for Mother outside the house, for I had lost the key.
8．go on, stop, remember, forget, regret, try等动词后面接to do和doing意思不同；
例如：--- I tried to persuade him but iled.
---Why not try talking with his parents?
10．通常只接doing, 不接to do作宾语的动词和习语主要有admit, advise, appreciate, avoid,
be busy, be worth, cant help, cant stand, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish,
forbid, give up, imagine, keep, mind, miss, pardon, permit, practise, put off, suggest,
例如：The teacher suggested (our) going there on foot.
=The teacher suggested that we (should) go there on foot.
11．包含介词to的短语动词常用的有be/become/get used to, devote ... to, get down to,
look forward to, lead to, stick to, listen to, prefer ... to, 等。（这种结构并不一定都可以接
例如：I prefer staying at home watching TV to going to the cinema.
比较：I prefer to stay at home watching TV rather than go to the cinema.
12．口语中，不定式符号to有时单独使用，而省略其后的动词。如Id love/like to, I used to, etc..
例如：He will go there if he is asked to.
---Will you go there with us?
---I prefer not to.
He says he will go if he has got a chance/the time (to).
1. I would love _______ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a
A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone
2. The patient was warned _______ any food after the operation..
A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating
3. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______.
A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to
4. ---You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.
---Well, now I regret _______ that.
A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done
5. Paul doesnt have to be made _______. He always works hard
A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning
6. Rather than _______ on a crowded bus, he always prefers _______ a bicycle.
A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding
7. ---I usually go there by train
---Why not _______ by boat for a change?
A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going
8. I look forward to hear from you soon. (改错)
9. I had always wanted return to the village after moving away. (改错)
10. The World Health Organization and other organizations are working improve health all
over the world. (改错)
正确答案：1. B2. C3. A4. D5. B6. C7. D8. hear改为hearing
9. wanted后面加to10. working后面加to